If you want to be an entrepreneur or if you want to ignore your 9 am to 5 pm job, want to work, as you feel good like an independent entrepreneur then you should read this article. It will redirect you how to avoid these habits, which will save your life. If you are thinking about starting a new business or you are fed up from your company or your colleagues then we are very honest with yourself. We are also thinking about it for years. We provide you many tips in this article for becoming a successful CEO. I think many entrepreneurs have initial dream of wealth and independence, which turns out to be a mixed bag. With the help of this example, you can easily understand about the initial point of entrepreneur like from romance to comedy, from drama to thriller and others different viewings. There are many companies which provide you information about the entrepreneur needs to develop to be successful. But Business coach for alcoholics is unique from other companies. We provide you some qualities to you. 1.Simplify your goals: – Nowadays many businesses fail with be short of clarity. First of all, the essential thing to know you that what you want, and why you want it. 2.Be a labor head: – Be a labor head, because you can easily maintain and control your workers, as you want in your business. 3.Speak efficiently: – If you have big collection of effectively communication then you can easily hit impression to the people. Otherwise, people get bored during your conversation. I think communication plays crucial role in your business. 4.Be persistent: – If you will do extra hard work in your business, especially in the early years then it makes a big profit for you. The anonymous coach offers you Online Life Coaching which is able to solve your problems. We also provides individual with enough privacy. We also provide life-coaching process, which are very helpful for the people. We are able to provide facial expression or non-verbal communication of the coach.
Invention and entrepreneurship are concepts that are synonymous with Scotland. Scotland has a long standing tradition of producing world renowned inventors and entrepreneurs. The invention of the steam engine, television and penicillin can all be attributed to Scottish inventors and in this article I would like to highlight some of the most famous Scottish entrepreneurs of recent years.
Sir Arnold Clark grew up in Glasgow and joined the RAF in 1944, aged 17. He rose quickly through the ranks eventually becoming a Corporal and a Motor Mechanics Instructor. Upon leaving the RAF, Clark began buying and selling cars, and opened his first showroom in 1954 in Glasgows Park Road. Arnold Clark Automobiles is now the largest car dealership in Scotland, with over 145 car dealerships throughout the UK.
Michelle Mone OBE is the co-owner of MJM International and creator of Ultimo. She grew up in Glasgow and began her corporate career with Labatt Brewers. She rose quickly through the company and was running the Sales and Marketing department by the time she was 20. In 1996, came up with the idea to create Ultimo after wearing an uncomfortable bra to a dinner dance. Today Ultimo is one of the UKs leading designer lingerie brands.
Sir David Murray
Sir David Murray was born in Ayr in 1954 and educated at Ayr Academy, Fettes College and Broughton high School. By the age of 23 Murray had set up the metal company, Murray International Metals Limited. The Murray Group has expanded to include a wide range of industries including property, call centres, venture capital and mining.
Sir Brian Souter
Sir Brian Souter is another famous Scottish entrepreneur. Sir Brian Souter started his working life as student bus conductor while studying at University. Upon finishing University, Sir Brian Souter began working with Arthur Andersen, a leading chartered accountancy firm. In 1980, using his fathers redundancy money, Sir Brian Souter established Stagecoach Group with his sister. Thirty years later Stagecoach is one the largest transport companies in the world with 13,000 buses, coaches, trains and trams, employing over 30,000 employees worldwide. Sir Brian Souter also founded Souter Investments and the Souter Charitable Trust.
New ???GTA Online??? infinite money glitch found after ???GTA 5??? 1.08 update – National Video Game
Rockstar Games released a whole new patch for Grand Theft Auto 5 the other day which addressed some of the money and car duplication exploits seen gta online new money glitch in GTA Online. According to an investigation by CinemaBlend from Feb. 17, apparently GTA 5 patch 1.10 didn’t remove every one of the exploits from GTA Online as players are finding just one more car duplication and money glitch in GTA Online.
For these cheats, it is possible to enter the string of commands directly from gameplay, and you will use the directional pad when the code contains a directional command, to make sure you input it accurately. In fact, it’s recommended that you slide your fingers from D-pad command to another location, to make sure they’re together in a very smooth flow. You must enter in the code quickly, also, to make certain the overall game recognizes it as a code and never a coincidental list of button presses. If you might be having problems getting a code to work, just check it and ensure you might be entering it correctly. It will work. Keep in mind that cheats tend not to carry across gameplay sessions, when you quit your game and commence playing again, you will need to re-type in the codes to ensure that they’re active.
Down, Up, Up, Up, X, R2, R1, L2, L2 : Pedestrian Attack (can not be switched off). Rockstar Games released patch notes for GTA 5 patch 1. Rockstar Games provided a quick change join relation to its the recently-released 1. Without attacking him or defending yourself, discuss what are the problem really is. Implimintation of the cheats below help keep hair on your head, and you against becoming frustrated.
If you have been playing GTA Online and received a lot of GTA$, but didn’t perform in any game manipulation, Rockstar has disclosed those players are not punished. However, whenever they choose to, any gifted money is easy to remove from your account by submitting a request to Rockstar Support. Find the company’s full comment below:
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Thinking of food all the time? So now make it your business!
Food joints are loved by all and have an ever rising demand if quality is not compromised. You may choose to start up with a couple of offerings like beverages and snacks and later on tread into being a bakery and concessionary shop.
Perhaps the easiest of all food joint-offerings is beverages. Scores of soft drink concentrates are available to choose from. From refreshing lemon to tangy orange these soft drink concentrates can be mixed with water or plain soda and served chilled. Invigorating roasted cumin concentrate is a delight in the scorching summers. Fruit flavored soft drinks garnished well not only quench the thirsty throat but also sooth the sore eyes. All you have to do is mix them up in the right quality and serve!
Instant fruit drink powder is a wonderful piece in your kitchen. Blend it with seasonal fruits or canned fruits, garnish it well and serve to quench the thirst of your clients. Canned fruit pulp is another option for beverage. Add the right amount of water or milk and you have a thick shake to serve. If the location of your food joint is blessed with plenty of seasonal fruits then serving fresh juices would prove to be more cost effective. Having the fruit juice extraction machine in an open space where the clients can see their glass being filled will be admired by them. This will demonstrate them of your hygiene standards and quality.
Flavored milk shakes are another popular offering at food joints. Chocolate and strawberry are the most common ones. You can try lots of new flavors by adding flavoring agents. Throw in some crushed nuts, fruit pieces or chocolate chunks to make new milk shake flavor each month.
Beverages are best served with crunchy wafers or biscuits. Bake them in-house or order them from a supplier simply make sure they are fresh. A platter of assorted biscuits coupled with a tasteful strawberry shake is the choice over a long conversation.
Jelly can be another interesting offering at your food joint. Just buy some jelly crystals and make jelly of distinctive shapes. Children will surely be fond of these jellies. Also jelly pieces can be mixed with milk shake for a fruity flavor.
You can find suitable vendors for all your requirements at the B2B portals over the internet. Choose your vender wisely and watch your business grow.
The trend of taking franchises of famous and renowned brands and stores has been evolving since years. It has become a successful business. To own a franchise of an already established brand, makes it easier for you to run and establish your business, for you have already purchased a successful and developed name. And when it comes to the attraction of buying franchises, then you cannot ignore the name of franchise young fashion.
People, living across the globe are seeking affordable ways of getting franchise dossier, for they know that nothing can be more successful for them other than taking this franchise. The number of customers of this franchise made in Italy has been increasing by each passing day. You will see that each and every person knows about this name. The customers put their blind trust in the products, which they purchase from this store. The number of store of Young Fashion Outfitters is increasing in a successful way. More and more fashion houses and brands are interested in showcasing their products inside the stores of Young Fashion, for they know that the customers, who have got sense of stylizing and dressing steps inside these stores.
The clientele of YFO knows the importance of quality-oriented products. They have got class and taste. If you want to start off with your own business and are looking into different ideas, then you should stop wasting your time on considering over the business ideas that you have, but you should only take the decision of buying the franchise of Young Fashion, for it is going to be the best franchise opportunity that you can ever get. To buy a franchise of a renowned store is itself a big thing, for you get to run an already developing, established and famous business. It helps in decreasing a lot of other costs including advertising and marketing. Everybody knows well about the name and it become easy to take the business further on the path of success.
You must be thing that buying the franchise clubwear and streatwear would be itself an expensive thing, but it is good to put in huge investment initially, for you can reap fruitful results in the future. The demand for club and street wear has reached to the highest level. If you talk about the likeness of the youth, then selling street and club wear can be the most profitable business.
If you’re interested in investing in holiday franchises, then you will want to read this article. In this article we will discuss what makes holiday franchises successful, and what to look for before investing in a holiday franchise opportunity. After reading this article you should be able to assess whether or not a holiday franchise is right for you, and if so which one would be a good investment.
Every business has a time of year where it is more profitable than any other time. Most good holiday franchises peak out during a specific holiday like Halloween, Valentine’s Day or Christmas. However, most successful holiday franchises are able to sustain business throughout the rest of the year or Elise break even with costs, or can operate profitably only a few times a year, and then close down for the rest of the season.
Secondly, they can work in reverse. Some businesses that are very successful overall, are even more successful during the holidays. Look at UPS — it’s not specific to holidays, but during holidays when everybody’s buying gifts for loved ones across the country, they will need a way to deliver those packages. This is what makes the UPS franchise such a great holiday business. Things to consider when looking for holiday franchises is to think outside of the box.
If you’re stuck for ideas on different holiday franchises to look at, think about what businesses complement different holidays. For example, Ms. Fields cookies are perfect for Christmas, because Santa Claus is known to eat cookies. Not only that, people like to buy cookies for gifts for Christmas. If there’s a certain holiday you’d love to have a business franchise revolve around, think of all the complementary goods that are related to the holiday. Make a list, and then analyze different franchise opportunities which coincides with that list.
I recommend looking at Holiday Franchises as a way to add to your franchising portfolio, not for someone that is just getting started. While these franchises can give you so much success in the holiday months that is makes up for the lack of profit during the off-season, it can very risk to put all your faith in just a couple of months. For example, what if one Christmas season there was a shipping scare due to terrorism? You as the franchisor could of just lost tens, possible hundreds of thousands of dollars due to the lack of faith in the shipping industry.
Finally, a holiday franchises is just like any other franchise. It needs to have a proven track record, a profitable business model, and the demographics in your area you to coincide with the demand for the franchise. Do your homework, and make sure you get a franchise lawyer to analyze the franchise agreement.
In conclusion, follow the advice given in this article and you should be well on your way to finding the right holiday franchise that fits your needs perfectly.
In case you are seeking a simple way to draw in more wealth and money into your life, start by obtaining a money plant tree. This attractive indoor plant is often used as a feng shui tool to assist with finances. The way it appears has special significance and is great in any area of a home or business. It also goes by its botanical name ‘pachira acquatica’ and is generally not naturally shaped the way it is. This unique plant is a combination of several plants with intertwined stems that appear like they have been braided. It had been first created in the 1980’s and grew in popularity internationally because of its symbolism of the five elements in feng shui.
Plenty of people have adopted this beautiful plant and used it for attracting money. You will find five leaves that branch out from each one of the stems, these are said to represent the five elements wood, water, metal, earth and fire. The five leaves on each stem is meant to symbolize the elements in perfect harmony. This makes the money tree the right tool to use for just about any part of a room or entire home which has unbalanced ‘qi’ or energy. Simply locate the region that needs help with a bagua map and place a money tree where it is needed.
The best places for the money tree are areas that have anything to do with money or wealth. As an example in the home, the preferred spot for this plant is near a safe deposit box. Businesses would benefit from having this plant near its cash register. A specific room in the home that may need a money tree would be the home office. This is where you conduct business so it definitely doesn’t hurt to have an abundance of funds in this particular area. Money trees are wonderful gifts for anyone who is starting a new business.
These plants are relatively easy to care for. They can grow to 7 inches and have a very long lifespan. Regular watering and a bit of sunlight is all that is required to look after them. Direct sun exposure is bad, since it will dry out the leaves so keep them in areas with dim lighting. Water the money trees just enough every time and let the soil dry out before watering again. Too much water will cause the leaves to brown and fall off. Avoid misting the leaves directly as that causes the leaves to fall out as well. With the proper care and right location, these plants may be just what you will need to generate the type of success you have been hoping for.
These days wherever you turn it is hard to avoid hearing people talk about the financial crisis and its implications. Almost all news items contain some links to it, and within employment issues the consequences are still very much felt. But has the recession had any impact on the way job seekers perceive working within banking or finance roles?
Despite the crisis people still seem to be very keen to work within banking or finance. Amongst the majority of the population it is safe to say that the reputation of banks has taken a hit, but amongst job seekers working for a bank or a financial institution remains very much desirable. Jobs for these companies are considered to be very prestigious as they still have the best technologies, the best systems and the best rewards compared to other sectors. Because of this the highest achievers still look to work for banks or financial institutions.
What else attracts people to work in finance or banking roles? Relative to other sectors these types of roles tend to have more responsibility and involve a lot of problem solving skills. Besides that they get a chance to work with people, there are opportunities to travel and to go out for meetings, and these roles also tend to offer possibilities for fast advancement. All these factors combined make these roles very challenging and interesting for the highest achievers.
So what has changed within the banking and finance sector? There seems to be a change in the expectations of employees that broadly run along the line of the generations. You could say that the employee profile is slowly evolving from what is called -Generation X’ to -Generation Y’. Within these generations the expectations they have of their employers are very different. Generation X will want to know -What is in it for me’, while Generation Y expects great workplace flexibility as well as wanting extremely fast progression and are less willing to work their way up slowly.
The profile of employees within the banking and finance sectors is changing, however this is due to a change in mentality that runs alongside the generations more than being caused by the financial crisis.
Reuben Dennis is a PRO with a leading service sector company and for more on London jobs she recommends you to visit
If you really love animals, and being around them, what you can do is have your own pet store. The advantage of having your own pets store is that you are surrounded by animals which you love, and make money at the same time. Plus, you can save, because you can now get pet supplies for your own pets at a cheaper price. The next thing to think about is whether to start from scratch or just acquire a pet store franchise.
To Franchise or Not to Franchise
Before jumping into any conclusions as to which is the better way to go, you must survey your options. Weigh the pros and cons of building a pet store from starting from scratch or obtain a pet store franchise. Sometimes starting from scratch is a lot more difficult than obtaining a pet store franchise.
If you decide to start from scratch there are a lot of things to consider. You have to identify which type of pets you want your pet store to carry. There a lot of animals, so you need to narrow down your options. Think of the area on which your pet store will be situated. Realize your target market and base your choice of animals on the sell ability of that type of pet in that type of area.
Next thing is you have to know whether you will also stock your store with pet supplies, like dog food, fish food and other pet store supplies. Another thing is advertising will you be able to advertise your store to gain enough followers. The good thing about going with a pet store franchise is that you will be bringing an established name, and with it the advertising needed, and also the product name and the products itself. You will have a sort of manual, a guide on how to run your pet store.
So if you want to purchase a pet store franchise it’s a good thing to remember that you have to know the specifics of that certain company’s business franchise information. Pet store franchising involves a lot of research on your part as the franchiser.
Before getting hold of a pet store franchise, there will be a franchise agreement between you and the franchise center. A franchise agreement generally outlines all the franchise information like what rights you have, what are the rules and regulations, and the relationship between you and the mother company.
As the procurer of the pet store franchise the franchise agreement also contains the information of what you are allowed to sell, the advertising inclusions, the degree of uniformity and the parameters to which you can operate. If this all sounds a bit confusing, you can always go to a franchise lawyer.
Since most small businesses have suffered during the past several years due to declining sales generally caused by a chaotic economy, it should be helpful to explore the most practical and realistic marketing strategies available to them. Improving business development efforts is desirable during any financial and economic environment, but there are extra benefits to doing so when sales have declined for whatever reason. Because a typical small business owner does not have the luxury of choosing from many strategies available to larger companies, the marketing improvement process for small businesses is necessarily restricted to a relatively short list of business development alternatives. While the choices will vary from case to case, here are three marketing and business development strategies which will often be considered by small businesses:
* Increasing sales staff
* Business proposals
For most smaller companies, declining revenues have led to some financial challenges and the need to reduce operating expenses already. Therefore it is likely that a common limitation and goal in any marketing decision will be to keep the costs reasonable. When dealing with limited funds, small business owners should evaluate which marketing strategy is the most cost effective method. Business proposal writing usually emerges as the leading choice for small companies when cost effectiveness is taken into account.
There are several kinds of business proposals, and not all of them will be realistic options for each company. Here are the two business proposal types which are likely to be worth reviewing closely:
* Formal proposal solicitations
* Informal and unsolicited proposals
Of these two types, the second (unsolicited and informal proposals) usually deserves the most attention by small businesses. Formally solicited proposals are typically announced by a Request for Proposal (RFP) process and are subject to more public awareness and competition by other companies. Depending on competitive circumstances, it is certainly possible that responding to an RFP might be well-suited to some small business situations. In other words, look carefully before deciding to ignore the RFP possibility.
An informal or unsolicited proposal process potentially offers the most freedom for a small business. Timing is frequently a major problem for an RFP because the company or government agency issuing it determines in advance when it will publish the Request for Proposal and in turn will also determine the deadlines for responses. The timing for unsolicited and informal proposals is effectively under the complete control of the small business which is preparing a proposal. The combination of reduced competition and scheduling flexibility usually makes this a compelling approach to business development and proposals.
If you often work with individuals who are going through divorce proceedings, then you may want to consider becoming a Certified Financial Divorce Specialist (CFDS). Having this credential shows that you have comprehensive information that will help clients explore their financial options related to a divorce agreement. Training for the CFDS will make you better at helping your clients find a better position of financial stability.
Topics Covered in the CFDS Certification
The CFDS training is designed to improve and increase your knowledge of the complexities of the financial problems that are related to divorce agreements. The more you know about the tax, financial, and legal complexities of divorces cases, the better you can provide support for your clients. Furthermore, the course contains guidance on your role as a professional CFDS.
Here is a brief summary of the topics covered by this training program:
Assessing and identifying assets including family home, property, and pensions to career assets and benefit plans.
Overview of the various legal proceedings, the role of a professional CFDS, and the different methods of settling a divorce case.
Identifying the tax problems from the impact of child support and alimony. Identifying the reporting requirements when selling and dividing the house.
Information about malpractice, ethics, and working with other professionals on the case.
How to present and prepare financial affidavits and other reports.
Training Format of CFDS
The CFDS training program is available online. When you order the certification training course, you can expect to receive everything you will need to complete the entire course from the comforts of your office or home. In addition, the package includes a blinder with around 500 pages of content covering the topics mentioned before and more. This foundational case material also combines questions and case studies to make the learning more realistic.
The Family Law Software program is also included in the package. This program helps calculate the financial impact of various options that are under consideration. For instance, you can use this software to determine what will happen to your client if she assumes credit card debt to keep the house. Part of the initial training package allows you five months of access to this program. After the initial five months are over, there will be a monthly fee that includes ongoing access to technical assistance and software updates.
It usually takes around three months to prepare properly for the online examination. After you have successfully completed the examination, you are required to finish a case study while using the Family Law Software. If you successfully complete this, then you will receive your certification.
Starting Your Certified Financial Divorce Specialist Career
A marketing package will come with your certification. This package will provide guidance on how to promote your skills and knowledge. There is a listing of networking opportunities, template for a press release, and other advice that can help you establish yourself in this market as a CFDS.
Iraq has third largest oil reserve in the world and the Iraqi dinar is considered as a good investment option owing to an increase in oil production. The popularity of this currency has increased considerably over time. Many people prefer to buy dinar online.
Oil trading being the main asset of Iraq, it attracts a lot of investment from foreign countries every year. Oil trade has helped a great deal in developing the economic conditions of the country and many private investors are purchasing Iraqi dinar as investment. It is estimated that once the government there reach stability, the investors will make huge profits.
If you are planning to make an investment in the Iraqi currency, there are a few steps to follow:
– Do a proper research before investing and gain a good knowledge about new and old Iraqi dinar.
– There are good chances to get scammed in such an investment. Gather information about the anti counterfeiting measures of the foreign currency.
– It is very important to find an authentic dealer or else you may lose your money. The best way to buy is contacting your local bank. If they sell foreign currency, then that is the safest option. Another place to buy currency is online. It is not only fast but easy too. A good dealer will provide you with all the details and the information related to buying and the risk involved. You can easily browse online and contact a number of dealers.
Finding a credible and trustworthy dealer is a very important thing. You must write down all the doubts you have in mind and ask questions before finalizing the dealer. You can enquire from the dealer about their ratings with the Better Business bureau to check their credibility. Look for a dealer who has been in business for over 4 years. Also check with them the certificates of authenticity to see if the dinars are real. You should also see a copy of US treasury registration. Dont trust everything that a dealer has to say to you without verifying the facts.
You should also keep in mind that the return on any foreign currency is not guaranteed. Your profit will depend on a number of market factors. A lot of people have got good returns by investing in this currency over the years.
Be sure to do proper homework and take some advice from the experts before making any investment.
Every serious entrepreneur is aware of the power of Internet marketing. However, a majority of them still consider online marketing to be related to the company website, email and online ads. While these online mediums make a significant part of the internet market, there has been a revolution in the last five years in the online world that has given birth to another powerful medium social media or social networking.
Social media or social networking can be defined as group of activities that combine technology with social interaction. Some of the common tools that are being used for social networking are LinkedIn, Facebook, Twitter, Orkut, MySpace, YouTube, and Digg. However, not many entrepreneurs have been able to use social media effectively and a large number of them have been successful in annoying their potential customers. They fail to realize that social networking sites are a place for social interaction and not a place to peddle your products by spamming the entire community.
Serious entrepreneurs take time to learn the etiquettes and rules of each social media and focus on building lasting relationships. They make sure that they do not end up making any wrong move that may get them blacklisted or ejected from the community. They establish relationships that may become their loyal customer base but their main motive is to not only make money but also make great friends.
Serious entrepreneurs understand the significance of social media thoroughly and understand how it can help them grow. Lets see how:
Social media creates a level playing field between an entrepreneur and a Fortune 500 company.
Social networking sites provide access to professionals and potential partners who you cannot reach out to in the real life.
Social media sites give every serious entrepreneur an opportunity to show that he or she cares about the community.
It broadens your target market by breaking geographical barriers and enables you to have customers, partners, and suppliers all over the world.
Social networking can be a great marketing tool for entrepreneurs who are not good at communicating in real life.
Social media is one of the most effective as well as economical tool for conducting marketing research on your target customers.
So, if you are a serious entrepreneur who has been waiting on the side-lines watching other businesses grow with the help of social media, it is time that you, too, join these communities and test the waters. However, it is advisable that you do your research and take time to learn each of the social networking tools to minimize any error that may annoy others.
For more information or to learn how to work with Maryjean, go to
Bank foreclosed homes are often offered at almost half their original market value. The longer they have been in the market, the more chances a buyer will have of negotiating for a low purchase price. However, these homes also often come with repair needs that can reach up to tens of thousands of dollars.
Impact of Home Condition on Price
Buyers should not expect banks and bank agents to tell them the extent of repairs required by the house, so it is their responsibility to find out how far the dwelling has deteriorated and to identify the areas that need adjustments. The more they know about the extent of repairs needed, the better they will be able to negotiate for an appropriate price.
People who have skills in home repairs would have an advantage since they can work on fixes themselves and would not need to hire someone else to do the work. That would be additional savings for them.
What Could Bring Costs Up
There are certain areas of bank foreclosed homes that would cost more to repair than other aspects. One of the most expensive repair jobs is home foundation. If the foundation of a dwelling has deteriorated to a point that it needs to be totally replaced, then buyers should not bother. This means that practically the whole house would have to be torn down to shore up the foundations. No matter how cheap the purchase price is, the cost of replacing foundations would not be worth the money and the trouble.
Plumbing, electrical and sewer systems that need to be replaced can also eat into the budget. If these systems require total overhaul, buyers should look somewhere else. HVAC and central airing systems are also expensive projects that might cost as much as half of the total purchase of the house. Roofs that need to be totally stripped will also entail costs that can reach up to tens of thousands.
When viewing bank foreclosed homes, a buyer should have a professional house inspector at hand. They might think that they are getting a bargain, but there are things, particularly inside the house, that might require excessive expenses that buyers can hardly afford.
Unit Trusts and Open Ended Investment Companies Collective Investments
Unit trusts and Open Ended Investment Companies (OEICs) are types of collective investments. In a collective investment, each individual investment is pooled with every other individual investment and then invested as a whole by the manager of the investment.
Different unit trust and OEIC funds invest in different asset classes – shares, bonds, cash and property. Some funds focus on just one asset class, while others invest in two or more. Irrespective of the asset class or classes they invest in, most fund managers will hold a wide spread of investments in their chosen asset class. That is one of the reasons why unit trusts and OEICs are popular with investors spreading investments across a range of businesses can help reduce a funds volatility and the risks for its investors.
Although unit trusts and OEICs are both open-ended investments, where the size of the fund varies according to market supply and demand, there are a number of key differences between the two types of funds.
Investors in unit trusts buy and sell a portion of the total fund in the form of units. The price unit holders initially pay for units (the bid price) is higher than the price they can sell the units for (the offer price): the difference between the two prices is known as the spread. In order for unit holders to make a return on their investment, the closing bid price must always be higher than the opening offer price. An OEIC fund on the other hand, does not trade in units but issues shares to its investors and is therefore an investment company – a less complex entity than a unit trust. Shares in an OEIC have a single price, which is determined by the value of the fund’s underlying investments. All shares in an OEIC are bought and sold at one single price, so theres no bid/offer spread to take into account.
The value of an investment in a unit trust or OEIC will vary according to the total value of the fund, which is determined by the performance of the investments the fund manager makes. Unit trusts and OEICs usually impose an up-front charge and annual management fees, some of which are declared as a percentage of the investment, while others are built into the price.